MINI-REVIEW


Dermoscopic Findings in Cases of Cutaneous Metastases



Alise E. Raika1, *, Elga Sidhoma1, Sigita Hasnere2
1 Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Riga Stradiņš University, Riga, Latvia
2 Department of Oncology, Pauls Stradiņš Clinical University Hospital, Riga, Latvia


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Creative Commons License
© 2022 Raika et al.

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode. This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Department of Dermatology and Venereology, Riga Stradins University, Riga, Latvia;
E-mail: alisecakarne@gmail.com


Abstract

Background:

Cutaneous metastases are cancerous cells in the dermis and hypodermis and can develop from every type of malignancy. The involvement of the skin in the metastatic process is considered to be quite rare and carries a poor prognosis, but it is of great importance in the management, treatment and self-esteem of the patient.

Objective:

The objective of this paper is to collect research data on clinical signs of cutaneous metastases and the use of dermoscopy in their diagnostic process.

Results:

Cutaneous metastases present with different clinical variants and dermoscopic findings, the most common being non-painful skin-colored nodules with various vascular structures seen in dermoscopy. There are not many reports on the dermoscopic findings of cutaneous metastases.

Conclusion:

Cutaneous metastases remain a rare diagnosis but are of great clinical importance. As the use of dermoscopy rises yearly, a better understanding of the dermoscopic features in cutaneous metastases should be obtained and reported.

Keywords: Oncology, Cancer, Dermoscopy, Cutaneous metastases, Skin metastases, Non-pigmented lesions.