RESEARCH ARTICLE

Correlation between Duration of Diarrhea and Severity of Diaper Dermatitis in Children Aged 0 – 24 Months

The Open Dermatology Journal 31 Oct 2023 RESEARCH ARTICLE DOI: 10.2174/18743722-v17-230823-2023-1

Abstract

Introduction:

Diaper dermatitis is a skin disease that commonly occurs in babies, especially whose diapers are always wet and rarely changed. It is a condition in which inflammation occurs in diaper areas, such as the perianal region, buttocks, genitals, inner thighs, and waistline. This study aims to analyze the correlation between duration of diarrhea and severity of diaper dermatitis in children aged 0 – 24 months.

Methods:

The design of this study was analytic observational using a cross sectional study. Data was collected through an interview with parents using structured questionnaire. Spearman correlation was used to analyze the correlation between duration of diarrhea and severity of diaper dermatitis. This study included 58 babies with diarrhea and diaper dermatitis. This study included 58 infants with a history of diarrhea.

Results:

The results showed that 37 babies (63.8%) had very mild diaper dermatitis, 18 babies (31.0%) had mild diaper dermatitis, and 3 babies (5.2%) had mild to moderate diaper dermatitis. There was a correlation between duration of diarrhea and severity of diaper dermatitis in children aged 0 – 24 months (p=0.0001).

Conclusion:

It was concluded that the longer the duration of diarrhea, more severe is the diaper dermatitis.

Keywords: Diaper dermatitis, Duration of diarrhea, Severity, Diaper rash, Inflammatory skin, Erythema.
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